Introduction to the Concept of Psychological Testing
The aim of the field of psychology is to understand, predict and
History of Psychological Testing
The fist quantitative attempt at psychological testing began with
the French psychologist Alfred Binet, who devised the first IQ test in 1908 in
an attempt to find out which students lacked in intellectual ability in order
to help them develop their skills
Approaches to Psychological Testing
Intellectual intelligence was not the only ability psychologists
attempt to measure. Emotional intelligence (EI), which according to Daniel Goleman,
is a combination of abilities such as self-management, self-awareness, having
social skills and the ability to empathize with others, is as important as
intellectual ability in attempting to explain, influence, and predict behavior
Differentiation between Correlations and Causal Links
In order to link psychological tests
with real life, it is also important to differentiate some fundamental
statistical concepts. Correlation does not mean causation, if a variable is
correlated with another, it means that there is high chance that they can
Linking Psychological Tests with Real Life Behavior
High scores on intelligence tests is a correlated with intellectual
ability, however, having a high intellectual capacity does not necessarily mean
that for example a student that has an above average score of 120 on an IQ test
will necessarily be a high academic achiever. Some confounding variables such
as family income, parenting style, quality of education can all influence the
Reducing individuals into the sum of their traits and abilities is not the aim of modern psychological testing. However, such tests are used to analyze behavior and individual differences in order to categorize and develop psychological tools to improve the life and abilities of individuals.
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