The goals of psychology as a discipline are concerned with
describing, explaining and predicting people’s behavior, with the aim of
supporting and helping people with their lives
Personality is comprised on an individual’s usual pattern of
feelings, thoughts and behavior
Also throughout the 20th century, there were several
approaches that dealt with personality theory, from both the quantitative and
the clinical or therapeutic schools of psychology. Since psychology as a
science was not well developed in the beginnings of the 20th century
The psychodynamic school of thought was founded by the famous
Austrian psychologist, Sigmund Freud. Freud’s theory focuses on the dichotomy
between the conscious and unconscious mind and their respective dynamic conflicts
As for the humanistic schools of thought, it was founded by Abraham
Maslow and expanded by Carl Rogers, it was formed to some extent as a rebuttal
to psychodynamic theory and the early 20th century behaviorism.
Humanism focused on the idea that humans are conscious beings whereas the
others focused more on unconscious drives
Even though both humanistic and psychodynamic schools are unscientific by modern standards, they have certainly contributed greatly to the advancement of personality psychology.
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